Surgery Surgery may be needed for some patients, typically those who have disabling heel pain that does not respond to other treatments for at least a year. A typical surgery is called instep plantar fasciotomy. It relieves pressure on the nerves that are causing pain by removing and therefore releasing part of the plantar fascia. A less invasive method uses a procedure called endoscopy, which requires smaller incisions. Wearing a below-the-knee walking cast after surgery for 2 weeks may reduce the need for pain relief and speed recovery time compared to the use of crutches. Stress Fracture. A stress fracture in the foot, also called fatigue or march fracture, usually occurs from a break or rupture in any of the five metatarsal bones (mostly in the second or third). Fracture in the first metatarsal bone that leads to the big toe is uncommon because of the thickness of this bone. If it occurs there, it is more serious than fractures in the other metatarsal bones, because it dramatically changes the pattern of normal walking and weight bearing. (Stress fractures can also occur in the heel area.) They are caused by overuse during strenuous exercise, particularly jogging and high-impact aerobics. Foot pain, more commonly known as arch pain takes place when an injury is caused to the structures that establish contact with the external environment. There are many reasons behind occurrence of such type of pain. Inadequate biochemical alignment, muscle sprain, ligament stretch and joint fractures are the common reasons behind aching feet. This requires immediate diagnosis. Top of foot usually pains due to excessive use while running or walking over uneven landscapes. Overuse induces fatigue in the muscles of foot. The clinical conditions that give rise to foot pain during activities are flat feet, bursitis, bunions or due to presence of calluses on feet. Lifestyle plays big role in people having disorders like foot pain in heel. As people tend to wear stylish footwear without considering the consequences for the foot, the risk increases and the possibility of having foot pain in heel or other foot disorders is likely. Take, for example, flip-flops, heavy, hard Achilles Pain fashion sandals and even the latest fashion pointy-toed, towering stiletto. Most flip-flops do not support the foot arch nor provide heel cushioning or shock absorption; the fashionable pointed shoes squeeze and pressurize the foot, and over time could result in debilitating foot problems later in life. Seeing a podiatrist for severe pain is always recommended, but for the average level of foot pain , basic foot care can be a successful solution. Working long days on your feet, hiking on rugged terrain, and abnormal pronation are all prime causes of pain in the feet. Being aware of how you step can help identify potential reasons for certain types of pain as many people experience over or under pronation in how their foot strikes the ground and rolls off the ankle. These kinds of problems can even lead to long term joint problems and should be addressed. About the Author There are also many running and sports shoes on the market and quite often people choose the wrong style for their foot type. It is always a good idea to get your shoes fitted correctly and most professional sports stores are able to do this for you. A more serious cause of side of foot pain can be arthritis or even diabetes. There are also infections that can cause side of food pain such as Septic arthritis, osteomyelitis or cellulitis. This is why you should seek medical attention if your pain gets significantly worse doesn't go away. A severe or recurring strain, illness, or combinations are mainly widespread source of foot pain Trauma is a consequence of external pressure of the body directly pressuring the body or forcing the body into a spot where a single or blend of forces could results in injury to the structures of the body. Unhealthy biomechanical configuration may also result to foot pain We believe that shoes protect the foot from injury or damage. On contrary wearing shoes that is not properly fit or that are too tight or high heels can cause pain on the foot- balls and the bones in that area.